1. Start a draft
Presumably your first draft will be horrific, and you will still have things you can do to improve your final draft. Briefly, your thesis is never perfect. But it doesn’t mean this is a failure simply because your PhD is not perfect.
You may attempt otherwise to reassure yourself, however here and there are a few errors or analysis design flaws or two. You already know how long it takes to make sure you have achieved it as well as possible and sometimes at considerable expense if you are a perfectionist as I am. You know also the panic when you realize you made an error.
You will understand how this error becomes extremely significant. It’s not just a fault in the vision. That is the world’s climax. When you find yourself slipping into the pit, note that you are human, the person reading your essay is human, and not every moment you are supposed to do it all perfectly.
2. Stick to your topic
Ask yourself “so what when composing, claim, those design decisions or a specific theoretical concept? ‘So you go beyond actually explaining a certain theory, process or something, and then inform the reader why it’s necessary and why it’s applicable to your study.
Since it must be grounded in your study in your problems of analysis, research priorities and research targets. Asking “so, what” reveals how such sources feel, and specifically asks the reader why a conversation should be relevant and why they should be vigilant.
For e.g., when telling the reader ‘so,’ if you are thinking about a specific approach, why is that approach suitable considering your questions/objectives, the advantages or disadvantages that it can offer and whether it can improve your research.
3. In-depth Analysis
Critical engagement with the literature is key when conducting a PhD. It isn’t just enough to summarize existing research, you need to pick holes in it and critique it. You need to say what’s good and bad about it, why it is relevant, what could be improved, and more. On how to be critical in your literature review, so if this is something you struggle with, you should check it out.
Beyond this, you need to be critical of your own writing. When you read back through drafts of your text, you should ask the same questions of your words: what works, what doesn’t, what is relevant, what could be improved, and so on.
What separates draft chapters from passable, finished ones is the level of critical engagement. This has two implications. First, you won’t succeed unless you’re thinking and writing critically. Second, your first drafts won’t be as critical as they need to be and that’s fine. That’ll come as you revise the draft and you start to critically engage with your own writing.